For centuries Biarritz (Miarritze in Basque, meaning tongue of rocks) was but a small village where in ancient times the Basques used to catch whales. Its fortunes started to change in the 18th century when doctors declared that the sea there had therapeutic properties. This led to people rushing into the waves hoping that the shock would cure them. All it did was drown a few.
Then in the 19th century it was discovered by European royalty and it became the resort for high society - the queen of beaches, beaches for kings. Napoleon III and his Spanish princess, Eugenie, built a palace there; Queen Victoria and other members of the British royal family enjoyed their holidays there; and Biarritz went through a huge and expensive expansion to accommodate and amuse the rich and famous.
Today the town is battling hard to combat the air of faded elegance that some would say is its charm. Every summer it welcomes its many visitors, but the rich and famous have given way to the simple sun-seeker and the surfer.
|Sea Fishing (tuna, surf-casting) ||Fishing|
|Golf 18 hole (7 on the map) and Bassussary (3) ||Golf|
|GOLF DE BIARRITZ LE PHARE|
18 holes 69 par 5376m COASTAL Green fees: 220F - 300F
A beautiful course much appreciated by visitors which provides some challenging holes.
MAKILA GOLF CLUB, Bassussarry, Biarritz
18 holes 72 par 6176m WOODED Green fees: 220F - 300F
|Biarritz compte plusieurs établissements de Thalassotherapie.|
|Historical Museum ||Museums|
|Photographs, books, costumes and docments on the events, the inhabitants and the history of the town. Open all the year round. Closed Thursdays and Sundays.|
|Maritime museum and Aquarium ||Museums|
|The Aquarium includes examples of sea-life from the Bay of Biscay, while the museum records the maritime life of the town. Open all the year round, and even through the lunch hour during summer - and in the evenings from July 14 to the end of August.|
|1st Division Rugby Team ||Rugby|
Parme-Biarritz, as the airport is known, has regional flights by Air France, and is also served by Ryan Air from London Stansted.
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